Madrid, the capital of Spain, is a cosmopolitan city that combines the most modern infrastructures and the status as an economic, financial, administrative and service centre, with a large cultural and artistic heritage, a legacy of centuries of exciting history.
Strategically located in the geographic centre of the Iberian Peninsula at an altitude of 646 m above sea level, Madrid has one important historic centre, also known as the Madrid of Los Austrias (in reference to the Hapsburg monarchs), and the spectacular Plaza Mayor square, inaugurated in 1620 and one of the most popular and typical sites in Spain.
Art and culture play a key role in Madrid's cultural life. The capital has many museums which cover every field of human knowledge. Highlights include Prado Museum, one of the world's most important art galleries. But if there's one thing that sets Madrid apart, it must be its deep and infectious passion for life that finds its outlet in the friendly and open character of its inhabitants.
Madrid's lively nightlife is another key attraction of Spain's capital, due to its variety and the exciting atmosphere to be found in its bars, pubs, clubs and flamenco halls. Other daytime entertainment options include traditional outdoor dances, popular festivities and the San Isidro bullfighting festival, regarded as being the most important in the world.