A City of Three Cultures and Tolerance. In 1085 Alfonso VI reconquered Toledo and converted it to the City of Three Cultures and cradle of tolerance, as Christians, Muslims and Jews lived together and maintained their customs, although not always without an occasional outbreak of violence.
During the reign of Alfonso X The Wise (the 13rd Century) The School of Translators was established. The translation of Arabic and Jewish texts, at the same time as translations of Greek works, made Toledo an intellectual centre in Europe
The court was installed in Imperial Toledo several times as required and, during the reign of Carlos I of Spain the city became the seat of the empire. This was a magnificent age until Felipe II finally changed the location of the capital of the court to Madrid in 1563.
It is today the capital of Castille-La Mancha and was declared a World Heritage City by UNESCO in 1986.